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Apache 2.2 + SSL + JK 1.2 + Tomcat 6.0 Clustering Auto Installer for CentOS 5.3  RSS feed
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andowson

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註冊時間: 2007-01-02 22:20:40
文章: 705
來自: 台北
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An Auto Installer for Integrating Apache 2.2 and Tomcat 6.0 for Clustering/Session Replication, Load Balancing with mod_jk 1.2 on CentOS 5.3
Author: Andowson Chang
Date: 2009.04.25
Modified: 2009.07.05 (Update the JDK new version's download URL)
2009.12.23 (Update Tomcat process stop status check method)
2010.01.04 (Update Tomcat's version information URL)
2010.04.14 (Update TOMCAT_VERSION and TOMCAT_CONNECTOR_VERSION and LOG4J_VERSION, remove install JDK section from the shell script)
2010.04.15 (Update Log4J version determination and use useradd -M for not create home directory for user tomcat)
2010.05.01 Add apr-devel for x86_64 support

Design:
1. One Apache and Two Tomcat workers on the same machine.
2. Use mod_jk for load balancer
3. Use mod_ssl for SSL
4. Enable cluster configuration on both Tomcat workers to do session replication
image

Steps:
1.Install CentOS 5.3 (disbale SELinux and Firewall)
2.Install JDK
3.Install Apache and mod_ssl
4.Generate SSL key and certificate
5.Edit httpd.conf
6.Edit ssl.conf
7.Install Tomcat, mod_jk
8.Edit server.xml
9.Edit mod_jk.conf
10.Edit workers.properties
11.Edit uriworkermap.properties
12.Start Apache and Tomcat

Testing:
1.Browsing http://<your_server_ip>/clustertest.jsp, add some keys and values.
2.Shutdown worker1
3.Browsing http://<your_server_ip>/clustertest.jsp, check if the keys and values are still there.
4.Run restart.sh
5.Browsing http://<your_server_ip>/clustertest.jsp, check if the keys and values are still there.
6.Browsing https://<your_server_ip>/clustertest.jsp, check if the keys and values are still there.

Implementation:
1.See http://www.howtoforge.com/perfect-server-centos-5.3-x86_64-ispconfig-2 for step1.
2.Install JDK(check http://java.sun.com for latest version)
#
# install JDK 6.0 Update 20
#
if [ ! -r jdk-6u20-linux-i586-rpm.bin ]; then
   wget "http://cds.sun.com/is-bin/INTERSHOP.enfinity/WFS/CDS-CDS_Developer-Site/en_US/-/USD/VerifyItem-Start/jdk-6u20-linux-i586-rpm.bin?BundledLineItemUUID=PBGJ_hCwt5wAAAEopeNsZ47R&OrderID=_1CJ_hCwkZcAAAEoleNsZ47R&ProductID=guBIBe.oc_wAAAEnaDJHqPYe&FileName=/jdk-6u20-linux-i586-rpm.bin" -O jdk-6u20-linux-i586-rpm.bin
fi
echo 'yes'|sh jdk-6u20-linux-i586-rpm.bin

3.Create a directory /root/setup and download the auto installer script for step 3-11, save it as httpd2_tomcat6-setup.sh in /root/setup
mkdir -p /root/setup
then run it
chmod 755 /root/setup/httpd2_tomcat6-setup.sh
cd /root/setup
./httpd2_tomcat6-setup.sh

httpd2_tomca6-setup.sh:
#!/bin/bash
# Name: Apache 2.2.x && Tomcat 6.0.x auto installer
# Author: Andowson Chang (andowson [at] gmail [dot] com)
# Version: 5.10
# Last Modified: 2010-05-01
# Source: http://www.andowson.com
# Assumption: JDK must be installed on /usr/java
# This program will
# 1.install httpd and mod_ssl
# 2.modify /etc/http/conf/httpd.conf
# 3.generate SSL key and a self-signed certificate
# 4.modify /etc/http/conf.d/ssl.conf
# 5.check for the lastest stable version of Tomcat 6.0.x
# 6.download apache-tomcat-6.0.x.tar.gz
# 7.unpack it into /var/apache-tomcat-6.0.x
# 8.make a symbolic link /var/tomcat6 to the above directory for easy upgrade
#   to a later version
# 9.check memory size to determine some JVM parameters
# 10.check for the latest stable verion of Tomcat Connector 1.2.x
# 11.download tomcat-connectors-1.2.x-src.tar.gz
# 12.unpack it
# 13.configure, make and make install
# 14.create user tomcat with home directory /var/tomcat6
# 15.make two instances of tomcat for load balancing, here I put them under 
#    /var/robust/worker[1,2] for easy to backup all of them.
# 16.setup default host directory(for testing)
# 17.generate server.xml
# 18.generate tomcat-users.xml
# 19.modify web.xml for production use
# 20.generate mod_jk.conf
# 21.generate workers.properties
# 22.generate uriworkermap.properties
# 23.generate tomcat startup script
# 24.modify web.xml for cluster test
# 25.generate clustertest.jsp for cluster test
# 26.generate cleanup.sh for easy to uninstall everything

#
# intranet workaround
# If your server don't have Internet access, ie. in the intranet behind 
# a firewall, you have to download all the files manually first. Copy them 
# into ${SETUP_DIR}. And then change the following default version 
# number to the correct number you have downloaded.
#
TOMCAT_VERSION=6.0.26
TOMCAT_CONNECTOR_VERSION=1.2.30
LOG4J_VERSION=1.2.16

#
# auto detect ip and hostname
#
ip=`/sbin/ifconfig|grep "inet addr"|awk '{print $2}'|cut -d":" -f2|head -1`
hostname=`/bin/hostname -f`

#
# adjustable parameters, you can modify any of them to fit your own need
#
DOMAIN=`/bin/hostname -d`
COUNTRY=TW
STATE=Taiwan
LOCATION=Taipei
COMPANY="Andowson Ltd."
ORGANIZATION=
HOSTNAME=${hostname}
hostname=${ip}
MIRROR_HOST=apache.ntu.edu.tw
CATALINA_HOME=/var/tomcat6
WORKER_ROOT=/var/robust
WEBAPP_ROOT=/var/webapps
SETUP_DIR=/root/setup/web
mkdir -p ${SETUP_DIR}
cd ${SETUP_DIR}
echo 'service tomcat stop' > ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh
echo 'service httpd stop' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh

#
# install httpd and mod_ssl
#
yum -y install httpd mod_ssl
cp -rf /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf /tmp/httpd.conf
cp -rf /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf /tmp/ssl.conf

#
# modify httpd.conf
#
sed -i -e "44c\ServerTokens ProductOnly" \
-e "74c\KeepAlive On" \
-e "232c\Group tomcat" \
-e "251c\ServerAdmin webmaster@${DOMAIN}" \
-e "265a\ServerName 127.0.0.1:80" \
-e "281a\VirtualDocumentRoot /var/webapps/%0" \
-e "391c\DirectoryIndex sorry.html index.html index.htm default.html default.htm index.html.var index.jsp" \
-e '488a\LogFormat "%V %h %l %u %t \\"%r\\" %>s %b" vcommon' \
-e '488a\LogFormat "%V %h %l %u %t \\"%r\\" %>s %b \\"%{Referer}i\\" \\"%{User-Agent}i\\"" vcombined' \
-e '492c\LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \\"%r\\" %>s %b \\"%{Referer}i\\" \\"%{User-Agent}i\\" %I %O" combinedio' \
-e "514c\CustomLog logs/access_log combinedio\nCustomLog logs/vhost.log vcombined" \
-e "524c\ServerSignature Off" \
-e "731c\LanguagePriority zh-TW en ca cs da de el eo es et fr he hr it ja ko ltz nl nn no pl pt pt-BR ru sv zh-CN" \
-e "954a\<Location />" \
-e "954a\    # Insert filter" \
-e "954a\    SetOutputFilter DEFLATE\n" \
-e "954a\    # Netscape 4.x has some problems..." \
-e "954a\    BrowserMatch ^Mozilla/4 gzip-only-text/html\n" \
-e "954a\    # Netscape 4.06-4.08 have some more problems" \
-e '954a\    BrowserMatch ^Mozilla/4\\.0[678] no-gzip\n' \
-e "954a\    # MSIE masquerades as Netscape, but it is fine" \
-e '954a\    # BrowserMatch \\bMSIE \!no-gzip \!gzip-only-text/html\n' \
-e "954a\    # NOTE: Due to a bug in mod_setenvif up to Apache 2.0.48" \
-e "954a\    # the above regex won't work. You can use the following" \
-e "954a\    # workaround to get the desired effect:" \
-e '954a\    BrowserMatch \\bMSI[E] \!no-gzip \!gzip-only-text/html\n' \
-e "954a\    # Don't compress images" \
-e '954a\    SetEnvIfNoCase Request_URI \\.(?:gif|jpe?g|png)$ no-gzip dont-vary\n' \
-e "954a\    # Make sure proxies don't deliver the wrong content" \
-e "954a\    Header append Vary User-Agent env=\!dont-vary" \
-e "954a\</Location>\n"  \
-e "954a\RewriteEngine on" \
-e "954a\RewriteCond %{REQUEST_METHOD} ^(TRACE|TRACK)" \
-e "954a\RewriteRule .* - [F]\n" /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf
echo 'cp -rf /tmp/httpd.conf /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh

#
# generate SSL key and cert
#
openssl genrsa -out /etc/pki/tls/private/${HOSTNAME}.key 2048
openssl req -new -key /etc/pki/tls/private/${HOSTNAME}.key -out /etc/pki/tls/certs/${HOSTNAME}.csr -subj "/C=${COUNTRY}/ST=${STATE}/L=${LOCATION}/O=${COMPANY}/OU=${ORGANIZATION}/CN=${HOSTNAME}"
openssl x509 -req -days 3650 -in /etc/pki/tls/certs/${HOSTNAME}.csr -signkey /etc/pki/tls/private/${HOSTNAME}.key -out /etc/pki/tls/certs/${HOSTNAME}.crt
echo 'rm -rf /etc/pki/tls/private/'${HOSTNAME}'.key' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh
echo 'rm -rf /etc/pki/tls/certs/'${HOSTNAME}'.csr' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh
echo 'rm -rf /etc/pki/tls/certs/'${HOSTNAME}'.crt' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh

#
# modify ssl.conf
#
sed -i -e "86a\JkMountFile conf/uriworkermap.properties\n" \
-e "112c\SSLCertificateFile /etc/pki/tls/certs/${HOSTNAME}.crt" \
-e "119c\SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/pki/tls/private/${HOSTNAME}.key" /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf
echo 'cp -rf /tmp/ssl.conf /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh

chkconfig --level 235 httpd on
echo 'chkconfig httpd off' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh

#
# check the latest stable version of Tomcat 6.0.x
#
wget http://tomcat.apache.org/whichversion.html -q -t 1 -T 5 -O /tmp/tomcat.html
if [ -s /tmp/tomcat.html ]; then
   TOMCAT_VERSION=`grep "6\.0\." /tmp/tomcat.html|grep -v "6\.0\.x"|cut -d">" -f2|cut -d"<" -f1`
fi
rm -rf /tmp/tomcat.html

echo "Install Tomcat ${TOMCAT_VERSION}"
if [ ! -r apache-tomcat-${TOMCAT_VERSION}.tar.gz ]; then
   wget http://${MIRROR_HOST}/tomcat/tomcat-6/v${TOMCAT_VERSION}/bin/apache-tomcat-${TOMCAT_VERSION}.tar.gz
fi
tar zxvf apache-tomcat-${TOMCAT_VERSION}.tar.gz -C /var
ln -s /var/apache-tomcat-${TOMCAT_VERSION} ${CATALINA_HOME}

echo 'rm -rf /var/apache-tomcat-'${TOMCAT_VERSION} >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh
echo 'rm -rf '${CATALINA_HOME} >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh

#
# check memory size to determine some JVM parameters
#
mem=`cat /proc/meminfo|grep "MemTotal:"|awk '{print $2}'`
let KB=1024
let memsize=$mem/$KB
let heapsize=$memsize/2
let newsize=$heapsize/4
echo 'JAVA_HOME="/usr/java/latest"
JAVA_OPTS="-server -XX:NewSize='${newsize}'m -XX:MaxNewSize='${newsize}'m -XX:SurvivorRatio=8 -XX:MaxPermSize=128m -Xss256k -Xms'${heapsize}'m -Xmx'${heapsize}'m -Djava.net.preferIPv4Stack=true -Djava.awt.headless=true"' > ${CATALINA_HOME}/bin/setenv.sh
chmod 755 ${CATALINA_HOME}/bin/setenv.sh

#
# check the latest stable version of Tomcat Connector 1.2.x
#
# pre-requirment
yum -y install httpd-devel apr-devel libtool automake make gcc gcc-c++

wget http://tomcat.apache.org/download-connectors.cgi -q -t 1 -T 5 -O /tmp/connector.html
if [ -s /tmp/connector.html ]; then
   TOMCAT_CONNECTOR_VERSION=`grep "1\.2\." /tmp/connector.html|cut -d">" -f2|cut -d"<" -f1 |awk '{print $2}'|grep "1.2"|uniq`
fi
rm -rf /tmp/connector.html
echo "Install Tomcat Connector JK ${TOMCAT_CONNECTOR_VERSION}"
if [ ! -r tomcat-connectors-${TOMCAT_CONNECTOR_VERSION}-src.tar.gz ]; then
   wget http://${MIRROR_HOST}/tomcat/tomcat-connectors/jk/source/jk-${TOMCAT_CONNECTOR_VERSION}/tomcat-connectors-${TOMCAT_CONNECTOR_VERSION}-src.tar.gz
fi
tar zxvf tomcat-connectors-${TOMCAT_CONNECTOR_VERSION}-src.tar.gz
cd tomcat-connectors-${TOMCAT_CONNECTOR_VERSION}-src/native
./buildconf.sh
./configure --with-apxs=/usr/sbin/apxs
make
make install
cd ${SETUP_DIR}
echo 'rm -rf /etc/httpd/modules/mod_jk.so' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh

#
# check the latest stable version of Log4J
#
wget http://logging.apache.org/log4j/1.2/download.html -q -t 1 -T 5 -O /tmp/log4j.html
if [ -s /tmp/log4j.html ]; then
   LOG4J_VERSION=`grep "1\.2\." /tmp/log4j.html|cut -d"<" -f3|cut -d">" -f2|awk '{print $4}'|head -1`
fi
rm -rf /tmp/log4j.html
echo "Install Log4J ${LOG4J_VERSION}"
if [ ! -r apache-log4j-${LOG4J_VERSION}.tar.gz ]; then
   wget http://${MIRROR_HOST}/logging/log4j/${LOG4J_VERSION}/apache-log4j-${LOG4J_VERSION}.tar.gz
fi
tar zxvf apache-log4j-${LOG4J_VERSION}.tar.gz
cp -rf ${SETUP_DIR}/apache-log4j-${LOG4J_VERSION}/log4j-${LOG4J_VERSION}.jar ${CATALINA_HOME}/lib

#
# replace tomcat-juli.jar and add tomcat-juli-adapters.jar for log4j
#
if [ ! -r tomcat-juli.jar ]; then
   wget http://${MIRROR_HOST}/tomcat/tomcat-6/v${TOMCAT_VERSION}/bin/extras/tomcat-juli.jar
fi
cp -rf tomcat-juli.jar ${CATALINA_HOME}/bin
if [ ! -r tomcat-juli-adapters.jar ]; then
   wget http://${MIRROR_HOST}/tomcat/tomcat-6/v${TOMCAT_VERSION}/bin/extras/tomcat-juli-adapters.jar 
fi
cp -rf tomcat-juli-adapters.jar ${CATALINA_HOME}/lib

#
# generate log4j.properties
#
echo 'log4j.rootLogger=INFO, R
log4j.appender.R=org.apache.log4j.RollingFileAppender
log4j.appender.R.File=logs/tomcat.log
log4j.appender.R.MaxFileSize=10MB
log4j.appender.R.MaxBackupIndex=10
log4j.appender.R.layout=org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout
log4j.appender.R.layout.ConversionPattern=%d [%t] %-5p %c - %m%n
log4j.logger.org.apache.catalina=INFO, R' > ${CATALINA_HOME}/lib/log4j.properties

#
# add user tomcat
#
groupadd -g 80 tomcat
useradd tomcat -u 80 -g tomcat -d ${CATALINA_HOME}
echo 'userdel -r tomcat' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh
echo 'groupdel tomcat' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh

#
# setup workers' directory
#
mkdir -p ${WORKER_ROOT}/logs
mkdir -p ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/logs
mkdir -p ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/temp
mkdir -p ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/work
cp -rf ${CATALINA_HOME}/conf ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/conf
mkdir -p ${WEBAPP_ROOT}
ln -s ${WEBAPP_ROOT} ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/webapps
cp -rf ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1 ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker2
echo 'rm -rf '${WEBAPP_ROOT} >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh

#
# setup default host directory
#
mkdir -p ${WEBAPP_ROOT}/${hostname}
cp -rf ${CATALINA_HOME}/webapps/ROOT/* ${WEBAPP_ROOT}/${hostname}/.
mkdir -p ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/conf/Catalina/${hostname}
mkdir -p ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker2/conf/Catalina/${hostname}
cp -rf ${CATALINA_HOME}/webapps/host-manager/manager.xml ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/conf/Catalina/${hostname}
cp -rf ${CATALINA_HOME}/webapps/host-manager/manager.xml ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker2/conf/Catalina/${hostname}

#
# generate server.xml
#
echo '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Server port="workerPort" shutdown="shutdownCode">

  <GlobalNamingResources>
    <!-- Used by Manager webapp -->
    <Resource name="UserDatabase" auth="Container"
              type="org.apache.catalina.UserDatabase"
       description="User database that can be updated and saved"
           factory="org.apache.catalina.users.MemoryUserDatabaseFactory"
          pathname="conf/tomcat-users.xml" />
  </GlobalNamingResources>

  <Service name="Catalina">
    <!-- Define an AJP 1.3 Connector on port ajpPort -->
    <Connector port="ajpPort" address="127.0.0.1"
               enableLookups="false" maxThreads="1000" connectionTimeout="3000"
               protocol="AJP/1.3" />

    <Engine name="Catalina" defaultHost="mydomain" jvmRoute="workerNo">
    
      <Cluster className="org.apache.catalina.ha.tcp.SimpleTcpCluster"/>
      
      <Realm className="org.apache.catalina.realm.UserDatabaseRealm"
             resourceName="UserDatabase" />
' > /tmp/server.header.template

sed -e "s/workerPort/8105/g" -e "s/shutdownCode/`head -1024c /dev/urandom | md5sum | cut -d " " -f1`/g" -e "s/ajpPort/8109/g" -e "s/workerNo/worker1/g" -e "s/mydomain/${hostname}/g" /tmp/server.header.template > ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/conf/server.header
sed -e "s/workerPort/8205/g" -e "s/shutdownCode/`head -1024c /dev/urandom | md5sum | cut -d " " -f1`/g" -e "s/ajpPort/8209/g" -e "s/workerNo/worker2/g" -e "s/mydomain/${hostname}/g" /tmp/server.header.template > ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker2/conf/server.header
rm -rf /tmp/server.header.template

echo '      <Host name="'${hostname}'" appBase="webapps/'${hostname}'"
            unpackWARs="true" autoDeploy="true">
        <Valve className="org.apache.catalina.valves.AccessLogValve"
               directory="logs" prefix="'${hostname}'_access_log." suffix=".txt" 
               pattern="combined" resolveHosts="false"/>
        <Context path="" docBase="" reloadable="false" />
      </Host>' > ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/conf/server.host

cp -rf ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/conf/server.host ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker2/conf/server.host

echo '    </Engine>
  </Service>
</Server>' > ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/conf/server.footer

cp -rf ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/conf/server.footer ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker2/conf/server.footer

cd ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/conf
cat server.header server.host server.footer > server.xml
cd ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker2/conf
cat server.header server.host server.footer > server.xml

#
# generate tomcat-users.xml
#
MANAGER_PASSWORD=`head -1024c /dev/urandom | md5sum | cut -d " " -f1 | awk '{print substr($1,1,8)}'`
echo '<tomcat-users>
  <user username="manager" password="'${MANAGER_PASSWORD}'" roles="manager"/>
</tomcat-users>' > ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/conf/tomcat-users.xml
echo
echo "Your Tomcat Manager's login is 'manager', password is '${MANAGER_PASSWORD}'"
echo
cp -rf ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/conf/tomcat-users.xml ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker2/conf/tomcat-users.xml

#
# modify web.xml for production use
#
sed -i -e "97a\        <init-param>\n            <param-name>readonly</param-name>\n            <param-value>true</param-value>\n        </init-param>" \
-e "246a\        <init-param>\n            <param-name>genStringAsCharArray</param-name>\n            <param-value>true</param-value>\n        </init-param>" \
-e "246a\        <init-param>\n            <param-name>trimSpaces</param-name>\n            <param-value>true</param-value>\n        </init-param>" ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/conf/web.xml
cp -rf ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker1/conf/web.xml ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker2/conf/web.xml

chmod 600 ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker*/conf/server.*
chmod 600 ${WORKER_ROOT}/worker*/conf/tomcat-users.xml
chown -R tomcat:tomcat /var/apache-tomcat-*
chown -R tomcat:tomcat ${WORKER_ROOT}

#
# generate mod_jk.conf
#
echo 'LoadModule jk_module modules/mod_jk.so

JkWorkersFile /etc/httpd/conf/workers.properties
JkShmFile     logs/jk-runtime-status
JkLogFile     "|/usr/sbin/rotatelogs /var/log/httpd/mod_jk.log 86400"
JkLogLevel info
JkLogStampFormat "[%a %b %d %H:%M:%S %Y]"
JkRequestLogFormat     "%w %V %T"
LogFormat     "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b %{JK_WORKER_NAME}n %{JK_LB_FIRST_NAME}n %{JK_LB_FIRST_BUSY}n %{JK_LB_LAST_NAME}n %{JK_LB_LAST_BUSY}n" mod_jk_log
CustomLog     logs/worker_access_log     mod_jk_log

# Load mount points
JkMountFile conf/uriworkermap.properties

# Deny direct access to WEB-INF
<LocationMatch ".*WEB-INF.*">
    deny from all
</LocationMatch>' > /etc/httpd/conf.d/mod_jk.conf
echo 'rm -rf /etc/httpd/conf.d/mod_jk.conf' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh

#
# generate workers.properties
#
echo '# workers.properties - ajp13
#
# List workers
#
worker.list=loadbalancer, jkstatus

#
# Define worker1
#
worker.worker1.type=ajp13
worker.worker1.host=localhost
worker.worker1.port=8109
worker.worker1.socket_timeout=1200
worker.worker1.connection_pool_size=1
worker.worker1.connection_pool_timeout=1300
worker.worker1.lbfactor=1
# Define prefered failover node for worker1
worker.worker1.redirect=worker2

#
# Define worker2
#
worker.worker2.type=ajp13
worker.worker2.host=localhost
worker.worker2.port=8209
worker.worker2.socket_timeout=1200
worker.worker2.connection_pool_size=1
worker.worker2.connection_pool_timeout=1300
worker.worker2.lbfactor=1
# Disable worker2 for all requests except failover
worker.worker2.activation=d

#
# Defining a load balancer
#
worker.loadbalancer.type=lb
worker.loadbalancer.balance_workers=worker1, worker2

#
# Define status worker
#
worker.jkstatus.type=status' > /etc/httpd/conf/workers.properties
echo 'rm -rf /etc/httpd/conf/workers.properties' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh

#
# generate uriworkermap.properties
#
echo '/jkmanager/*=jkstatus
/*.jsp=loadbalancer
/*.do=loadbalancer
/*.page=loadbalancer
/dwr/*=loadbalancer
/servlet/*=loadbalancer
/manager/*=loadbalancer' > /etc/httpd/conf/uriworkermap.properties
echo 'rm -rf /etc/httpd/conf/uriworkermap.properties' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh

#
# generate tomcat startup script
#
echo '#!/bin/sh
#
# Startup script for Tomcat, the Apache Servlet Engine
#
# chkconfig: - 84 16
# description: Tomcat Servlet Engine
# processname: tomcat
# pidfile: /var/run/worker1.pid /var/run/worker2.pid

# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions

# User under which tomcat will run
TOMCAT_USER=tomcat

RETVAL=0

CATALINA_HOME='${CATALINA_HOME}'
WORKER_ROOT='${WORKER_ROOT}'
WORKER_LIST=( worker1 worker2 )
WORKER_PORT=( 8105 8205 )

# start, debug, stop, and status functions
start() {
    i=$1
    SHUTDOWN_PORT=`netstat -vatn|grep LISTEN|grep ${WORKER_PORT[i]}|wc -l`
    if [ $SHUTDOWN_PORT -ne 0 ]; then
        echo "Tomcat ${WORKER_LIST[i]} already started"
    else
        echo "Starting tomcat ${WORKER_LIST[i]}..."
        CATALINA_BASE="$WORKER_ROOT/${WORKER_LIST[i]}"
        chown -R $TOMCAT_USER:$TOMCAT_USER $CATALINA_HOME
        chown -R $TOMCAT_USER:$TOMCAT_USER $WORKER_ROOT
        su -l $TOMCAT_USER -c "export CATALINA_BASE=$CATALINA_BASE; $CATALINA_HOME/bin/startup.sh"
        SHUTDOWN_PORT=`netstat -vatn|grep LISTEN|grep ${WORKER_PORT[i]}|wc -l`
        while [ $SHUTDOWN_PORT -eq 0 ]; do
            sleep 1
            SHUTDOWN_PORT=`netstat -vatn|grep LISTEN|grep ${WORKER_PORT[i]}|wc -l`
        done
        echo "Tomcat ${WORKER_LIST[i]} started in normal mode"
        RETVAL=$?
        [ $RETVAL = 0 ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/${WORKER_LIST[i]} /var/run/${WORKER_LIST[i]}.pid
    fi
}

debug() {
    i=$1
    SHUTDOWN_PORT=`netstat -vatn|grep LISTEN|grep ${WORKER_PORT[i]}|wc -l`
    if [ $SHUTDOWN_PORT -ne 0 ]; then
        echo "Tomcat ${WORKER_LIST[i]} already started"
    else
        echo "Starting tomcat ${WORKER_LIST[i]} in debug mode..."
        CATALINA_BASE="$WORKER_ROOT/${WORKER_LIST[i]}"
        rm -rf $CATALINA_BASE/work/*

        chown -R $TOMCAT_USER:$TOMCAT_USER $CATALINA_HOME
        chown -R $TOMCAT_USER:$TOMCAT_USER $WORKER_ROOT
        su -l $TOMCAT_USER -c "export CATALINA_BASE=$CATALINA_BASE; $CATALINA_HOME/bin/catalina.sh jpda start"
        SHUTDOWN_PORT=`netstat -vatn|grep LISTEN|grep ${WORKER_PORT[i]}|wc -l`
        while [ $SHUTDOWN_PORT -eq 0 ]; do
            sleep 1
            SHUTDOWN_PORT=`netstat -vatn|grep LISTEN|grep ${WORKER_PORT[i]}|wc -l`
        done
        echo "Tomcat ${WORKER_LIST[i]} started in debug mode"
        RETVAL=$?
        [ $RETVAL = 0 ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/${WORKER_LIST[i]} /var/run/${WORKER_LIST[i]}.pid
    fi
}

stop() {
    i=$1
    SHUTDOWN_PORT=`netstat -vatn|grep LISTEN|grep ${WORKER_PORT[i]}|wc -l`
    if [ $SHUTDOWN_PORT -eq 0 ]; then
        echo "Tomcat ${WORKER_LIST[i]} already stopped"
    else
        echo "Stopping tomcat ${WORKER_LIST[i]} ..."
        CATALINA_BASE="$WORKER_ROOT/${WORKER_LIST[i]}"
        su -l $TOMCAT_USER -c "export CATALINA_BASE=$CATALINA_BASE; $CATALINA_HOME/bin/shutdown.sh"
        SHUTDOWN_PORT=`ps -ef|grep ${WORKER_LIST[i]}|grep -v grep|wc -l`
        while [ $SHUTDOWN_PORT -ne 0 ]; do
            sleep 1
            SHUTDOWN_PORT=`ps -ef|grep ${WORKER_LIST[i]}|grep -v grep|wc -l`
        done
        echo "Tomcat ${WORKER_LIST[i]} stopped"
        RETVAL=$?
        [ $RETVAL=0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/${WORKER_LIST[i]} /var/run/${WORKER_LIST[i]}.pid
    fi
}

status() {
  for (( i = 0 ; i < ${#WORKER_LIST[@]} ; i++ ))
  do
    SHUTDOWN_PORT=`netstat -vatn|grep LISTEN|grep ${WORKER_PORT[i]}|wc -l`
    if [ $SHUTDOWN_PORT -eq 0 ]; then
        echo "Tomcat ${WORKER_LIST[i]} stopped"
    else
        MODE="normal"
        JPDA_PORT=`netstat -vatn|grep LISTEN|grep 8000|wc -l`
        if [ $JPDA_PORT -ne 0 ]; then
            MODE="debug"
        fi
        echo "Tomcat ${WORKER_LIST[i]} running in $MODE mode"
    fi
  done
}

case "$1" in
  start)
        start 0
        start 1
        ;;
  debug)
        debug 0
        debug 1
        ;;
  stop)
        stop 0
        stop 1
        ;;
  restart)
        stop 0
        start 0
        stop 1
        start 1
        ;;
  redebug)
        stop 0
        debug 0
        stop 1
        debug 1
        ;;
  status)
  	status
	;;
  *)
	echo "Usage: $0 {start|debug|stop|restart|redebug|status}"
	exit 1
esac

exit $RETVAL' > /etc/rc.d/init.d/tomcat

chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/tomcat
chkconfig --add tomcat
chkconfig --level 235 tomcat on

echo 'chkconfig tomcat off' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh
echo 'chkconfig --del tomcat' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh
echo 'rm -rf /etc/rc.d/init.d/tomcat' >> ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh

chmod 755 ${SETUP_DIR}/cleanup.sh

echo 'Tomcat installation is completed!'
echo
echo 'You can type "service tomcat start" to start using tomcat now.'
echo 'You can type "service httpd start" to start using apache now.'
echo 'Open a browser, and go to http://'${hostname}' to see it.'

#
# modify web.xml for cluster test
#
sed -i -e "27a\  <distributable/>" ${WEBAPP_ROOT}/${hostname}/WEB-INF/web.xml

#
# generate clustertest.jsp for cluster test
#
echo '<%@ page contentType="text/html; charset=UTF-8" import="java.util.*"%>
<html>
<head>
<title>Cluster Session Replication Test</title>
</head>
<body>
<%
    out.println("Session ID=" + session.getId() + "<br>");
 
    String key = request.getParameter("key");
    if (key != null && key.length() > 0) {
        String value = request.getParameter("value");
        session.setAttribute(key, value);
    }
 
    out.println("<b>Session Listing</b><br>");
 
    Enumeration e = session.getAttributeNames();
    while (e.hasMoreElements()) {
        String name = (String) e.nextElement();
        String value = (String)session.getAttribute(name);
        out.println(name + " = " + value + "<br>");
    }
%>

  <form method="post">
    key:<input type="text" size="20" name="key"> <br>
    value:<input type="text" size="20" name="value"> <br>
    <input type="submit">
  </form>
</body>
</html>' > ${WEBAPP_ROOT}/${hostname}/clustertest.jsp


4.Then you can use the following two commands to do step12
service tomcat start
service httpd start
5. For testing, you can use the following command to shutdown or startup a single Tomcat worker:
su -l tomcat -c "export CATALINA_BASE=/var/robust/worker1; /var/tomcat6/bin/shutdown.sh"
su -l tomcat -c "export CATALINA_BASE=/var/robust/worker1; /var/tomcat6/bin/startup.sh"
su -l tomcat -c "export CATALINA_BASE=/var/robust/worker2; /var/tomcat6/bin/shutdown.sh"
su -l tomcat -c "export CATALINA_BASE=/var/robust/worker2; /var/tomcat6/bin/startup.sh"

Or you may use a shell script to restart Tomcat repeatedly to verify if the session replication really works.
restart.sh
 for (( i = 0 ; i < 10 ; i++ ))
  do
     service tomcat restart
  done


If you can see all of the session objects no matter how Tomcat is restarted, then Tomcat clustering(session replication) is done.

Note: If you have enabled firewall like iptables, please add 45564:udp port to the allowed list.

6. Finally, browse https://<your_server_ip>/ to check SSL works. You have to add this site as your trust site because we use a self-signed SSL certificate.

Reference:
http://tomcat.apache.org/connectors-doc/reference/apache.html
http://tomcat.apache.org/connectors-doc/generic_howto/loadbalancers.html
http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-6.0-doc/cluster-howto.html
http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-6.0-doc/jasper-howto.html
http://tomcat.apache.org/tomcat-6.0-doc/logging.html
http://www.easywayserver.com/implementation-tomcat-clustering.htm
 檔案名稱 httpd2_tomcat6_setup.sh [Disk] 下載
 描述 Apache 2 and Tomcat 6 auto installer
 檔案大小 22 Kbytes
 下載次數:  41 次


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yahoobread

十級學員

註冊時間: 2009-04-15 01:58:58
文章: 1
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呃 我下載了好幾次了
都不能執行耶 都會出現
沒有此一檔案或目錄!!!!
andowson

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註冊時間: 2007-01-02 22:20:40
文章: 705
來自: 台北
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我今天自己下載執行了一次發現錯誤訊息大致如下:
sed: can't read /var/robust/worker1/conf/web.xml: 沒有此一檔案或目錄
cp: 無法 stat ‘/var/robust/worker1/conf/web.xml’: 沒有此一檔案或目錄

主要原因是下載來源apache.ntu.edu.tw這台主機出了問題,將第67行的參數調整為
MIRROR_HOST=apache.stu.edu.tw
即可正常執行了。

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fordsupr

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註冊時間: 2009-07-01 09:38:31
文章: 1
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請問版大,

這個sh可以在其他linux版本使用嗎?ubuntu,opensuse...?

謝謝您~
andowson

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註冊時間: 2007-01-02 22:20:40
文章: 705
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fordsupr您可以下載後自行測試看看就知道了。
可能會遇到軟體安裝路徑不相同的問題,您再自行調整一下。

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papaisno1

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註冊時間: 2009-07-03 10:30:50
文章: 2
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安道森大~~請問一下我用CentOS5.2

在安裝完Cent5.2後直接下指令

sh httpd2_tomcat6-setup.sh

這樣能夠讓JSP環境建置起來嗎?
andowson

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註冊時間: 2007-01-02 22:20:40
文章: 705
來自: 台北
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papaisno1您好,在CentOS 5.2上去跑應該是可以的。前提是連Internet的網路要是通的才行。
一般我會在裝完CentOS 5.2之後,再執行yum -y update讓它升級到CentOS 5.3,再來執行我的安裝程式。

我的建議是,您可以自己先試試看,驗證一下。如果遇到問題再來版上討論或發表解決您解決的方法。
相信經過這樣子的過程您一定會很有收穫。

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answers

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註冊時間: 2009-10-21 22:06:06
文章: 1
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Dear 安大 :
小弟有個小建議,請安大別介意
在許多的伺服器設定上,是會有多條件考量的
安大應該是shell scrip功力極強的愛好者,且太疼愛使用者了
您的script檔可以迅速產出結果,但很多設定只有結果,卻依然沒人了解,為何要這樣設定
也許您有說明,但夾雜在script中閱讀性就降低了,反而折損了您的美意
這已不是給魚不給釣竿了,反而像是要吃魚給魚丸(反正也是於,不用知道是哪種魚做的,連殺魚拔刺都免了)
因為有許多設定知道如何設定的原理後,變化自可因事置宜
即便設定檔不小,但複製貼上搞不好比run shell script產生檔案還快
andowson

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註冊時間: 2007-01-02 22:20:40
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Dear answers:
感謝您的建議,以後會再補充這方面的文章或朝這方面改進。

以下容我解釋一下,會寫成這樣,基本上是時間考量,因為要做到像鳥哥一樣,得花不少時間,所以,如果別人的基本教學文件已經寫得很清楚了,我就直接放個連結,讓大家自己連過去看,我這邊只說明加工或是整合的部分。也許,這樣子的服務品質是不夠的,我會再多花點時間去整理我的心得,讓大家瞭解。



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sentrasd

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註冊時間: 2010-04-07 14:47:52
文章: 3
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bash: ./httpd2_tomcat6-setup.sh: /bin/bash^M: bad interpreter: 沒有此一檔案或目錄
出現上述的錯誤訊息 重抓過也改過MIRROR_HOST=apache.stu.edu.tw
還是無效
andowson

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註冊時間: 2007-01-02 22:20:40
文章: 705
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sentrasd您好:
我不確定是不是因為JDK版本更新到Update 19造成找不到JDK安裝檔的問題,我已經更新了我的shell script,把安裝JDK的動作抽離出來。請重新下載一次我更新後的shell script,並手動安裝一下JDK,再執行httpd2_tomcat6-setup.sh看看。

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sentrasd

十級學員

註冊時間: 2010-04-07 14:47:52
文章: 3
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謝謝版大特地幫我修改了一個版本,
試的結果還是會出現那個訊息,
結果再上網查了一下可能是fileformat=dos,
所以不管三七二十一就下了dos2unix httpd2_tomcat6-setup.sh
結果真的就順利安裝完成,
所以原本含JDK的安裝版本有可能也是相同狀況,
提供給各位參考,再次謝謝版大的支援 smilie
andowson

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註冊時間: 2007-01-02 22:20:40
文章: 705
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sentrasd您好:
原來是這個小問題(印象中出現^M這個符號好像都是這類的問題),我已將檔案轉換為UNIX格式了。

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k.irfee

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註冊時間: 2010-12-06 15:35:16
文章: 2
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Thanks for superb script. I have successfully tested it on my server. Now I would like to deploy my application war file. how do I do that?
If I place it in /var/webapps/ it is not deploying.

can you elaborate it . I know everyone would need this information.

once again thanks in advance.

you are the master!!!
andowson

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註冊時間: 2007-01-02 22:20:40
文章: 705
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Dear k.irfee,
In short,
1. You need to create a new site under /var/webapps, for example, www.yourcompany.com.
mkdir -p /var/webapps/www.yourcompany.com
2. You need to modify both the server.xml files of Tomcat worker1 and worker2 in /var/robust/worker[1-2]/conf/server.xml. Add a new <Host> for www.yourcompany.com. And add a <Context> inside that <Host>.
3. You can place your web application files under the above directory.

For detail, please check the following post (Sorry it's in Chinese):
http://www.andowson.com/posts/list/309.page

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